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Knowledge Flows in National Systems of Innovation

A Comparative Analysis of Sociotechnical Constituencies in Europe and Latin America

Edited by Roberto López-Martínez and Andrea Piccaluga

The search for the key to economic growth has proved elusive and contentious. This book uses new empirical evidence to propose an integrated approach for achieving strong industrial and technological capabilities to form the basis for regional and national economic development.
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Chapter 8: Policymaking for constituency-building in Mexico

Alma Rocha-Lackiz and Roberto E. López-Martínez


Alma Rocha-Lackiz and Roberto E. LópezMartínez 8.1 INTRODUCTION1 In the opinion of some authors, it would not seem to be necessary to question the relevance of implementing science and technology policies (STPs), but rather to define the way in which these measurements should be adopted (Branscomb 1992). However, in Mexico – where in the late 1990s, after almost three decades of carrying out actions to foster the development of science and technology, benefits have not been reflected in economic or social terms – public intervention is being strongly questioned. Since the mid 1980s, based on an orthodox interpretation of the policies needed for free market economies, the Mexican government has been reducing its intervention in innumerable activities, including science and technology promotion. The alternative, that consists in involving the private sector in the production of scientific and technological knowledge,2 seems to be gaining ground and reflects the lack of intention of the government to dedicate more resources to increasing innovative performance. The fact that in practically all the industrialized countries and most of the recently industrialized nations the governments intervene in various ways in the promotion of science, technology and innovation is in clear contradiction to this trend. Furthermore, it has been put forward that developing countries need to reinforce their efforts fostering scientific and technological activities in order to accomplish industrial competitiveness in an era of globalization. In the present work, we shall argue that the absence of a continuous and coherent...

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