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European Collaboration in Research and Development

Business Strategy and Public Policy

Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides

The contributions collected in this volume focus explicitly on cooperative R & D in Europe. The first part of the book offers empirical evidence on the extent, scope and direction of this collaboration and explores the motives and problems of the participating firms, as well as the perceived benefits they have enjoyed. The second part deals with the difficult policy issues that diverse national R & D regimes create for successful cooperative research and international convergence. The extensive survey results of European firms allow the authors to compare collaborative research policies in various EU countries and contrast the policy design that has emerged in the EU with that of the USA.
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Chapter 3: Subsidized Research Joint Ventures in Europe

Yannis Caloghirou, Stavros Ioannides and Aggelos Tsakanikas


Yannis Caloghirou, Stavros Ioannides, Aggelos Tsakanikas and Nicholas S. Vonortas This chapter focuses on a special form of collaborative R&D: subsidized Research Joint Ventures that have been established through project-based ventures in the European area. Research Joint Ventures (RJVs) can be defined as ‘cooperative agreements engaging companies, Universities and government agencies and laboratories in various combinations to pool resources in pursuit of a shared R&D objective’ (Council of Competitiveness 1996).1 The RJVs examined here are contractual agreements among independent entities, with at least one member of the consortium being a firm. Other member entities may include firms, universities, Research Institutes and other organizations. Our analysis draws information from a new extensive database – the STEP TO RJVs Databank. The chapter attempts to map the trends of shared funded Research Joint Ventures that have been established through EU Framework Programmes (EU-FWPs), the Union’s major policy initiative for the promotion of collaborative R&D, over a period of 16 years. An overview of their characteristics is presented both at the level of the research consortium and at the level of individual participants. The overview also contrasts these ventures with those formed under the EUREKA programme. The latter are nationally funded agreements for cooperative R&D, to which a European Committee awards the EUREKA label. The descriptive analysis of this chapter provides some evidence on the following questions: ● ● ● What are the major characteristics of these RJVs? Examination of their time trend, duration, size (in terms of participants), technological areas, type...

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