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European Collaboration in Research and Development

Business Strategy and Public Policy

Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides

The contributions collected in this volume focus explicitly on cooperative R & D in Europe. The first part of the book offers empirical evidence on the extent, scope and direction of this collaboration and explores the motives and problems of the participating firms, as well as the perceived benefits they have enjoyed. The second part deals with the difficult policy issues that diverse national R & D regimes create for successful cooperative research and international convergence. The extensive survey results of European firms allow the authors to compare collaborative research policies in various EU countries and contrast the policy design that has emerged in the EU with that of the USA.
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Chapter 7: RJVs in Europe: Trends, Performance, Impacts

Yannis Caloghirou and Nicholas S. Vonortas


Yannis Caloghirou and Nicholas S. Vonortas The economic and business literature on cooperative R&D has proliferated since the early 1980s in parallel to the rapidly unfolding phenomenon of strategic technology partnerships. Until recently, this literature was subject to a serious handicap: the lack of systematic and extensive evidence to validate its theoretical underpinnings. This is not to say that evidence on motives for, and outcomes of, collaboration has been missing altogether. It can be strongly argued, however, that available evidence has been fragmented because of the lack of extensive data-collection on the subject by statistical agencies. Empirical analysis has depended on either multiple case studies on a small number of well-known RJVs, on one hand, and on (often limited) databases created by academic researchers and private sector companies, on the other. Some well known examples of widely utilized academic databases of this sort include CATI, covering technical strategic alliances announced globally since the late 1970s, and the NCRA-RJV and CORE databases, covering RJVs registered with the US Department of Justice since 1985.1 Unfortunately, such data have not necessarily been compiled for the same purpose, overlap only partially in terms of coverage, and use different primary sources of information. Even so, research has hitherto reached important conclusions and has provided useful insights into business strategy and technology policy. A major, if not the most important, contribution of the research project underlying the material presented until now in this book has been the creation of a new source of information...

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