Business Strategy and Public Policy
Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides
Chapter 8: European Union Science and Technology Policy, Research Joint Venture Collaboration and Competition Policy
8. European Union science and technology policy, RJV collaboration and competition policy Katharine Barker and Hugh Cameron This chapter outlines two major themes concerning the evolution and current status of research joint ventures (RJVs) in the European Union in four sections.1 Section 1 outlines the basis of competition policy set out in the EC Treaties. These apply to all member states of the European Union, and determine the extent to which RJVs are permitted without contravening competition rules. The European Commission is responsible for administering competition policy in the European Union. The Directorate General for Competition covers competition policy and regulation, including antitrust, mergers, market liberalization, state aid to industry and international aspects of competition policy. It will be seen that competition policy in Europe is diﬀerent in tone and emphasis to that of the USA, and the resulting evolution of RJVs in the EU is therefore distinctive to this region. But the European Commission also has a signiﬁcant role in funding research and technology development (RTD) throughout the EU, much of which involves forms of RJVs. Section 2 outlines the development of this activity which has had a major impact on the growth of RJVs in Europe. Section 3 discusses the structure of projects and the associated intellectual property requirements and exploitation issues. The ﬁnal section draws together some conclusions about the interplay between the two areas of policy and the development of RJVs in the EU. SECTION 1: EUROPEAN UNION COMPETITION LAW AND RJVs 1.1 Background...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.