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European Collaboration in Research and Development

Business Strategy and Public Policy

Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides

The contributions collected in this volume focus explicitly on cooperative R & D in Europe. The first part of the book offers empirical evidence on the extent, scope and direction of this collaboration and explores the motives and problems of the participating firms, as well as the perceived benefits they have enjoyed. The second part deals with the difficult policy issues that diverse national R & D regimes create for successful cooperative research and international convergence. The extensive survey results of European firms allow the authors to compare collaborative research policies in various EU countries and contrast the policy design that has emerged in the EU with that of the USA.
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Chapter 8: European Union Science and Technology Policy, Research Joint Venture Collaboration and Competition Policy

Katharine Barker and Hugh Cameron


8. European Union science and technology policy, RJV collaboration and competition policy Katharine Barker and Hugh Cameron This chapter outlines two major themes concerning the evolution and current status of research joint ventures (RJVs) in the European Union in four sections.1 Section 1 outlines the basis of competition policy set out in the EC Treaties. These apply to all member states of the European Union, and determine the extent to which RJVs are permitted without contravening competition rules. The European Commission is responsible for administering competition policy in the European Union. The Directorate General for Competition covers competition policy and regulation, including antitrust, mergers, market liberalization, state aid to industry and international aspects of competition policy. It will be seen that competition policy in Europe is different in tone and emphasis to that of the USA, and the resulting evolution of RJVs in the EU is therefore distinctive to this region. But the European Commission also has a significant role in funding research and technology development (RTD) throughout the EU, much of which involves forms of RJVs. Section 2 outlines the development of this activity which has had a major impact on the growth of RJVs in Europe. Section 3 discusses the structure of projects and the associated intellectual property requirements and exploitation issues. The final section draws together some conclusions about the interplay between the two areas of policy and the development of RJVs in the EU. SECTION 1: EUROPEAN UNION COMPETITION LAW AND RJVs 1.1 Background...

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