Business Strategy and Public Policy
Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides
Chapter 9: United Kingdom Public Policies and Collaboration in Research and Development
9. United Kingdom public policies and collaboration in R&D Katharine Barker, Luke Georghiou and Hugh Cameron1 INTRODUCTION This chapter will consider the attitude of the UK government towards industrial collaboration in research and development. Of course, this cannot be isolated from public policies towards research and technological development and their role in creating economic prosperity and national security. Industrial R&D collaboration is not, however, shaped by R&D policy alone, but by the broader context of operation of industrial ﬁrms. Below is given a brief account of the status of industrial R&D in the UK, and the main characteristics and concerns of science and technology policy in recent years. The format, though not the scale, for public support of industrial R&D collaboration has been remarkably stable over the past two decades. For this reason a historical perspective is adopted to show the development of these policies and their underpinning rationales. The ‘ﬂagship’ policy to promote R&D collaboration in the 1980s was the Alvey programme for advanced information technology, which is described and reviewed. In many ways Alvey provided the model for both UK and other European schemes to support collaborative R&D. Its successors, and the shift to an emphasis upon promotion of R&D collaboration between industry and the science base, are then considered. European collaborative programmes have aﬀected UK industrial participation in R&D collaboration and domestic policy in the area: both the Framework Programmes and EUREKA have been important. In line...
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