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European Collaboration in Research and Development

Business Strategy and Public Policy

Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides

The contributions collected in this volume focus explicitly on cooperative R & D in Europe. The first part of the book offers empirical evidence on the extent, scope and direction of this collaboration and explores the motives and problems of the participating firms, as well as the perceived benefits they have enjoyed. The second part deals with the difficult policy issues that diverse national R & D regimes create for successful cooperative research and international convergence. The extensive survey results of European firms allow the authors to compare collaborative research policies in various EU countries and contrast the policy design that has emerged in the EU with that of the USA.
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Chapter 14: Policies for Cooperative R & D

Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides


14. Policies for cooperative R&D Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides Since the early 1980s, the governments of industrialized countries have made a strong effort to promote cooperative industrial research. The chapters in this part of the book point out significant convergence of key policy areas in Europe during the past 10 to 15 years that directly affect the incentives of firms to engage in cooperative R&D. Such convergence has been reflected in science, technology, and innovation policies, competition policies, and intellectual property rights policies. Important tendencies in this direction across the continent include: ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Increasing awareness of the competitiveness issue and its relation to innovation. Increasing awareness of innovation as a process involving both a technology-producing and a technology-using side. Increasing awareness of systems of innovation, firmly based on interconnections and interaction between economic agents of different kinds. Greater attention to the potential of R&D cooperation to serve as a mechanism that promotes such interaction and contributes to increasing the technological prowess of firms and regions. Emphasis on university-industry and public research instituteindustry cooperation. Assistance to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), placing special emphasis on small entrants into emerging high technology markets. Awareness of the importance of the institutional, physical, regulatory, and financial infrastructure to support emerging technologies and increasing realization of the importance of adequate competition and IPR policies to promote cooperative R&D. By and large, however, the story told in these chapters – and in other papers...

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