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European Collaboration in Research and Development

Business Strategy and Public Policy

Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides

The contributions collected in this volume focus explicitly on cooperative R & D in Europe. The first part of the book offers empirical evidence on the extent, scope and direction of this collaboration and explores the motives and problems of the participating firms, as well as the perceived benefits they have enjoyed. The second part deals with the difficult policy issues that diverse national R & D regimes create for successful cooperative research and international convergence. The extensive survey results of European firms allow the authors to compare collaborative research policies in various EU countries and contrast the policy design that has emerged in the EU with that of the USA.
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Chapter 15: Policy Implications

Yannis Caloghirou and Nicholas S. Vonortas


Yannis Caloghirou and Nicholas S. Vonortas Since the early 1980s, most industrial country governments have promoted cooperative industrial R&D aggressively. The European Union has been a front-runner, turning cooperative R&D into a cornerstone of the Framework Programmes in RTD, de facto the most important piece of the Union’s science and technology policy. The direct or indirect support of cooperative R&D has also gained a lot of ground in member states, including both those with significant experience in science, technology and industrial innovation policy and those without. We believe that the research results reported in the various chapters of this book justify the following implications for policy decision-makers and analysts. 1. It is time to take stock of the widespread cooperative R&D in Europe. Support for cooperative R&D in high-technology industrial activities is widespread in Europe. This compounds the already widespread practice of strategic technical alliances under private initiative. The process has created high expectations for increased competitiveness that has proved very difficult to show quantitatively until now. New policy expectations for cooperative R&D have also been introduced in the form of achieving social and economic cohesion among the EU’s many different member countries and regions. The proclaimed structure of the sixth Framework Programme on RTD, based on the formation of ‘networks of excellence’ and on ‘integrated projects’, is a clear signal of the need for appraisal of past achievements by employing multi-faceted methodologies able to systematically analyse large amounts of empirical...

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