Matt Barnes, Christopher Heady, Sue Middleton, Jane Millar, Fotis Papadopoulos, Graham Room and Panos Tsakloglou
Chapter 2: Poverty, Material Deprivation and Multi-dimensional Disadvantage During Four Life Stages: Evidence from the ECHP
Panos Tsakloglou and Fotis Papadopoulos INTRODUCTION The aim of this chapter is to examine the living standards of the four population groups (‘risk groups’, in the terminology used in this chapter’s tables and graphs) that are the focus of this book, in comparison with the living standards of the entire population. These groups are: retired persons (Retired), sick or disabled persons (Sick), young adults (Young adults) and lone parents (Lone parents) as deﬁned in Chapter 1. For this purpose, detailed analysis was undertaken of their average incomes, levels of poverty, housing amenities, ability to aﬀord particular durable goods and necessities of life, as well as the impact of public transfers. The analysis of the living standards of speciﬁc sub-groups within these groups is presented in subsequent chapters. Unlike the interpretations of the term ‘social exclusion’ provided by various social scientists, as outlined in Chapter 1, in the jargon of most policy makers in the EU social exclusion is used interchangeably in order to denote ‘acute poverty and multiple deprivation’ or ‘exclusion from the labour market’. The analysis described here aims to identify aspects of the risk of social exclusion that are closer to the ﬁrst of these interpretations. The data used for the analysis come from the second wave of the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) that was described in Chapter 1. It can be argued that although the ECHP is much better suited for the analysis of the phenomenon of social exclusion than most other existing...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.