Developing Pressure Indicators for Europe
Edited by Anil Markandya and Nick Dale
Chapter 2: Air pollution and acidification
There are several actions to be taken on regional, national and European levels, which can help to tackle the air pollution and acidiﬁcation problems. These actions can be distinguished as short- and medium-term and long-term. Short- and Medium-term Actions Reduce emissions of air pollutant gases This action can be achieved by interventions in several economic sectors. 1. In the energy sector energy efﬁciency must be improved, thereby reducing emissions of sulphur and nitrogen compounds and improving overall P. Papagiannakopoulos 13 2. 3. 4. economic performance, and at the same time reducing emissions of other air pollutants. The use of cleaner energy sources and cleaner technologies will also reduce emissions of sulphur and nitrogen compounds, and other air pollutants. Further measures should include the installation of ﬁlters in power plants for the capture of sulphur and nitrogen dioxides in the ﬂue gases, and the use of low-sulphur fuels that reduce emissions of sulphur compounds. In the transportation sector trafﬁc in large urban areas must be reduced, resulting in the reduction of air pollutants. There should be a transfer from use of private vehicles to other means of transport and improvements in vehicle design by use of clean-car technology that causes far less air pollution and is more friendly to the environment. Other actions include improving fuel quality, switching to more environmentally friendly fuels, the introduction of three-way catalytic converters for all new motor vehicles and the introduction of obligatory testing of exhaust gases in motor vehicles. In the...
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