Interregional Linkages in a Changing Global System
Edited by Peter W. Preston and Julie Gilson
Chapter 3: Beyond Orientalism? Culture, power and postcolonialism in Europe-Asia relations
CHAPTER 3 12/9/01 8:58 am Page 1 3. Beyond Orientalism? Culture, power and postcolonialism in Europe-Asia relations John Clammer INTRODUCTION Linkages between Asia and Europe exist, and have long existed, at a number of levels - economic, political and social. Underlying and reflecting these is the cultural level - the perceptions and representations of Asia by Europeans and of Europe by Asians. There are older and now, perhaps, less sophisticated models for characterizing this mutuality (often a distorted one based upon differential access to power), notably ‘Orientalism’1 and ‘Occidentalism’2. Both these approaches assume (as does the even older field of ‘International Relations’) two broadly defined blocs or entities between which interchange takes place. The limitation of such conceptualizations is that they predate or deflect the immense shifts in the understanding of the concept of culture itself which have accompanied late modernity and the globalizing forces that it has set in train. Leaving aside for the moment the disputes about the precise meaning of the term ‘globalization’ and its significance for the critical analysis of the contemporary world system, most commentators would agree that it contains and implies profound implications for culture, whether this is understood in terms of the migration of peoples, symbols or objects, of attitudes to selfhood and subjectivities or of the implications for everyone of such powerful Eurocentric concepts as ‘development’.3 The concern is not only that of establishing the place of culture within globalization but, more profoundly, that of questioning the meaning of culture itself...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.