Chapter 2: Tax Evasion
Palda 01 chaps 27/11/00 3:21 pm Page 6 2. Tax evasion In 1990 William Baumol published an instant classic in the Journal of Political Economy. ‘Entrepreneurship: productive, unproductive, and destructive’ was a rare piece for a leading journal. Not a single line of math scarred the pages, nor did Baumol blight the papyrus with charts and figures. Instead, Baumol made his case with a simple bit of economic reasoning. Entrepreneurs are the same the world over and across the ages. They look for new products, new means of producing them, new markets. Whether these entrepreneurs add only to their private fortunes or whether their activities help others depends on the rules of the markets in which they work. If the rules reward entrepreneurs who keep their costs down and devise products or services consumers want, an economy grows. If the rules of markets favour entrepreneurs who cheat, steal, and bribe the government for monopoly power over the market, an economy stagnates or at best grows slowly. In Baumol’s view, the changing character of entrepreneurs and the mix of criminal and honest entrepreneurs was important, but he emphasized the changing rules of the game under which they worked that determined economic progress. Baumol’s article came to be a primer in the 1990s on productive and unproductive entrepreneurship and sensitized the economics profession to the need for rules of the market ‘game’ that make participants play productively. He did not emphasize that the mix of good and bad entrepreneurs could be...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.