Failing to Compete
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Failing to Compete

Technology Development and Technology Systems in Africa

Sanjaya Lall and Carlo Pietrobelli

This unique study draws on extensive fieldwork assessing technology systems in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe in the context of their export competitiveness. Its emphasis is on the role of technology systems in building industrial competitiveness and in this it finds deficiencies in the systems in all these countries, though there are also significant differences between them. Comparisons are made with more successful economies, particularly those of East Asia, and policy implications are drawn for the strengthening of technology support systems. Central to the book is its combination of academic analysis with a strong policy focus – policy implications are drawn for each case-study country.
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Sanjaya Lall and Carlo Pietrobelli


GENERAL ARIPO ARSO CIDA CNC COMESA DANIDA DFID EDB EMPRETEC Africa Regional Intellectual Property Organization, Harare Africa Regional Organization for Standardization Canadian Agency for International Development Computer numerically controlled (machine tools) Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Danish International Development Agency Department for International Development, UK Economic Development Board (Singapore) Capacity Building Programme to Foster and Growth and Competitiveness of Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises in Developing Countries (UNCTAD) Export Processing Zone European Union Food and Agriculture Organization Foreign direct investment Gross domestic product Hong Kong Productivity Council International Development Research Council, Canada International Fund for Agricultural Development International Finance Corporation Investment promotion agency Intellectual property rights International Standards Organization Joint Integrated Technical Assistance Programme Multi-Fibre Agreement Multinational corporation Metrology, standards, testing and quality Manufacturing value added Non-governmental organization Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development Research and development Science and technology xi EPZ EU FAO FDI GDP HKPC IDRC IFAD IFC IPA IPRs ISO JITAP MFA MNC MSTQ MVA NGO OECD R&D S&T 3615_Failing2Compete/Prelims 16/9/02 11:57 am Page 12 xii Failing to compete SADC SITC SME SSA TNC TRIPS UDEAC UNCTAD UNDCP UNDP UNEP UNESCO UNIDO USAID WHO WIPO WTO South African Development Community Standard International Trade Classification (UN) Small and medium enterprise Sub-Saharan Africa Transnational corporation Trade related intellectual property rights Central African Customs and Economic Union United Nations Conference on Trade and Development United Nations Drugs Control Programme United Nations Development Programme United Nations Environmental Programme United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization United...

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