Edited by Philip McCann
Chapter 10: The Technological Relationships between Indigenous Firms and Foreign-owned MNCs in the European Regions
10. The technological relationships between indigenous ﬁrms and foreignowned MNCs in the European regions John Cantwell and Simona Iammarino University of Reading, UK and University of Rome ‘La Sapienza’ and IAI, Italy 1. INTRODUCTION The nexus between global and local processes has been investigated quite extensively by the literature of the most recent years. One crucial aspect of such a relationship lies in the creation and diffusion of innovation, which, more than other economic processes, shows rather complex patterns of distribution across space. Indeed, as emphasized by Dicken, ‘“global” and “local” are not ﬁxed scales; rather, they represent the extreme points of a dialectical continuum of complex mutual interactions’ (Dicken, 1994, p. 103). As a consequence, neither the orthodox approach – which traditionally considers both the (multinational) ﬁrm and the local system as black boxes whose behaviours are determined by exogenous factors – nor an entirely endogenous perspective – which tends to explain structure and growth mechanisms as the result of purely internal forces – seem appropriate to investigate the issue ‘global versus local’. Rather, structure and behaviour of the two ‘extreme points’ need to be considered within the context of their increasing interdependence, including both endogenous determinants and exogenous variables relevant to the analysis. The aim of this chapter is to examine how the particular corporate technological trajectories of multinational corporations (MNCs) have interacted with spatially speciﬁc resources for the creation of new competence in some of the leading regions in the European Union. In order to consolidate existing competences, it is...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.