Spatial Patterns, Congestion and Modelling
Edited by Eliahu Stern, IIan Salomon and Piet H.L. Bovy
Chapter 4: Work-related travelling and telecommunications: Substitution, stimulation and complementarity
Mervi Lehto and Veli Himanen 1. INTRODUCTION For many years, researchers have been forecasting the potential impacts of telecommunications on travelling (for the scientiﬁc debate see Plaut, 1997). Because many telecommunication devices are already in use – particularly in the small information-intensive regions such as Scandinavia, Israel, and so on – their impacts on travelling can already be observed. This chapter will assess the impacts of telecommunication on travelling through responses made to a questionnaire among Finnish ofﬁce workers who use telematic devices in their work. The future potential of transport options, as well as that of telematic devices, is considered according to their current stage in a development life-cycle. The relationship between telecommunications and travelling is also considered here from the viewpoint of current policies as well as from their relative status among human activities. It should be noted that much of the basis for this chapter comes from previous work completed in the projects EMRECU, POSSUM and START, ﬁnanced by the European Commission. The chapter aims to assess possible substitution, stimulation and complementarity effects of telecommunications on work-related travelling and to discuss these in the context of sustainable transport policy in Europe. It begins with an examination of human activities and technological developments and continues through a discussion of travelling and telecommunications results reported in a detailed Finnish ﬁeld survey. The results of this survey are then used to discuss the capabilities of telecommunications to stimulate, substitute and complement work-related travelling. With these data, the potential for using...
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