Spatial Patterns, Congestion and Modelling
- Transport Economics, Management and Policy series
Edited by Eliahu Stern, IIan Salomon and Piet H.L. Bovy
Chapter 13: Effects of office relocations to public transport nodal points on passenger mobility
13. Effects of ofﬁce relocations to public transport nodal points on passenger mobility Bert Van Wee and Toon Van Der Hoorn 1. INTRODUCTION1 Dutch location policy attempts to achieve labour-intensive employment (large number of employees per unit area) situated close to public transport nodal points. More than on existing employment locations, attention is focused on new situations. The consideration of ﬁrm relocation in this policy has been limited until now. In the Netherlands, however, about 6–8 per cent of ﬁrms move every year. In 1992 the absolute number of ﬁrms moving was 58 000, involving 180 000 employees (Pellenbarg, 1996). At least 70 per cent of all moves are over a short distance (within the same town or conurbation) (Van Steen and Van Der Velde, 1993). The question of employees’ reactions is therefore very relevant. Several years ago, the National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) started a research programme to establish the possible effects on mobility of a large-scale relocation of existing ofﬁce employment to sites easily accessed by public transport. Following literature surveys, empirical research was carried out. Employees of two relocated ofﬁces were surveyed. Models which describe employees’ reactions to ofﬁce relocation (change of dwelling yes/no, change of job yes/no) have been estimated. These models have been applied in a scenario study to evaluate the effects of a large-scale ofﬁce relocation for a period up to 2015 to sites easily accessed by public transport. Van Wee (1997) gives a...
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