Developing Countries in the World Trading System
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Developing Countries in the World Trading System

The Uruguay Round and Beyond

Edited by Ramesh Adhikari and Prema-chandra Athukorala

The book examines the achievements of the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations in reforming the world trading system and the challenges to future reforms. It begins with an overview of the genesis of the world trading system and moves on to examine the key issues as they relate to developing countries. These include further liberalization of agricultural trade; abolition of the Multifibre Arrangement; environmental and labour standards; competition policy; regional integration in South East Asia; and the implications for developing Asian countries of the liberalization of the Chinese economy and its WTO membership. Furthermore, the book discusses the links between trade liberalization and poverty reduction – drawing on the experience of Asian countries – and puts forward arguments on how trade liberalization could effect a greater reduction in poverty.
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Abbreviations and acronyms


ADB AFTA APEC ASEAN ATC CEPT CP DSM DSU EU FTA GATS GATT GDP GMO GSP ILO IMF Lao PDR MFA MFN NGO NIE NTB OECD PECC QR RTA SEATE SPS SPSA TRIPs TRQ Asian Development Bank ASEAN Free Trade Area Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Association of Southeast Asian Nations Agreement on Textiles and Clothing common effective preferential tariff competition policy Dispute Settlement Mechanism Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes European Union free trade area General Agreement on Trade in Services General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade gross domestic product genetically modified organism Generalized System of Preferences International Labour Organization International Monetary Fund Lao People’s Democratic Republic Multi-Fiber Arrangement most favoured nation nongovernmental organization newly industrializing economy nontariff barrier Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development Pacific Economic Cooperation Council quantitative restriction regional trading arrangement Southeast Asian transition economy sanitary and phytosanitary Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights tariff rate quota xii PRELIMS 11/2/02 1:07 pm Page 13 Abbreviations and acronyms xiii UNCTAD UR URAA WTO United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Uruguay Round Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture World Trade Organization PRELIMS 11/2/02 1:07 pm Page 14

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