The Danish Model
Chapter 11: Collaboration between Firms and Knowledge Institutions
In this chapter1 we will examine more closely the collaboration between firms and knowledge institutions in Denmark.2 The concept of knowledge institutions includes both those involved in technological consulting (private consulting firms as well as the certified technological service institutes, in Danish abbreviated ‘GTS institutes’) and research (that is, universities and sector-specific applied research institutes). Our focus is still on competence creation within the individual firm either through the purchase of knowledge or through network collaboration. The presentation here is built in part on the same survey data as referred to in the previous chapter. This means that this portion of the analysis focuses on collaboration in connection with product development in manufacturing firms. But these data are supplemented with personal interviews with key persons in firms and knowledge institutions and with other data and sources available to the DISKO project. One important result that appears in the international comparison with Norway and Austria is that national collaboration patterns have retained their characteristics to a great degree; this also holds true for the Danish innovation system. One characteristic of the Danish pattern is that collaboration with other firms is more widespread than in the other two countries. The level of collaboration of Danish manufacturing firms with the technological consultancy network is at the same level as that found in the other countries, while the collaboration with universities and sector research institutes is significantly less developed. These Danish deviations from an average of other countries cannot, however, be used directly to...
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