Budgetary Policies for Environmental Improvement
Edited by J. Peter Clinch, Kai Schlegelmilch, Rolf-Ulrich Sprenger and Ursula Triebswetter
Chapter 9: Italian waste management: comparing revenues from a general tax with a quantity-related fee
Clinch 03 chap 8 15/11/01 1:30 pm Page 162 9. Italian waste management: comparing revenues from a general tax with a quantity-related fee1 Luciano Messori INTRODUCTION The Italian solid waste management is currently facing a revolution. Its financial management is changing. Before 1999, people and businesses used to pay a waste management tax related to the local cost of waste management, but unrelated to the amount of garbage they produced. The Decree of the President of the Republic (DPR) 158/1999 has put in place the final brick of a new legislative building aimed at substituting a ‘pay as you throw’ fee for the old waste management tax. The amount to be paid by each household or business is supposed to be related to the amount of garbage produced and total revenues from the new fee are established to fully cover the cost of waste management. The implementation of the new system is raising both technical and political issues. The former relate to the best format the fee should have,2 while the latter relate to the reaction of the involved actors. The aim of this chapter is to highlight the political issues associated with this change from a garbage tax to a waste management fee, and to show how a fee related to the amount of waste produced can put pressure for waste reduction on the whole production chain. According to the ‘ladder principle’,3 the EU waste policy objectives include the reduction of the quantity of waste produced,...
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