Edited by Jean L. Pyle and Robert Forrant
Chapter 1: Globalization, Universities and Sustainable Human Development: A Framework for Understanding the Issues
Jean L. Pyle and Robert Forrant I. INTRODUCTION In this ﬁrst chapter, we present a framework for understanding the issues of globalization, universities and sustainable human development. In surveying a variety of literatures, it became clear to us that the role the university can play internationally in promoting sustainable human development in the context of the changes associated with globalization has only begun to be explored. For us, sustainable development implies more than the traditional deﬁnition of meeting present needs without compromising the capability of future generations to meet their requirements – which is typically used in an environmental context. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has broadened this to: ‘sustainable development means integrating the economic, social and environmental objectives of society, in order to maximize human well-being in the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs’ (OECD, 2001). Our sensibility is that we need a more encompassing deﬁnition of sustainable development. It would include programs and policies that promote a more equitable distribution of new jobs and income while boosting a region’s capacity to innovate. It would foster economic stability and increase the economic and political empowerment of the citizenry. It includes more equal roles for women and minorities, improved health and raised levels of educational attainment, access to better housing, a more eﬀective public transportation system, safer workplaces, greater energy and materials eﬃciency, and decreased toxics usage among producers (Forrant et al., 2001). We begin by outlining the...
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