Edited by Sarianna M. Lundan
Chapter 5: On the dynamics and coexistence of multiple subsidiary roles: an investigation of multinational operations in the UK
Chapter 5 21/6/02 11:24 AM Page 1 5. On the dynamics and coexistence of multiple subsidiary roles: an investigation of multinational operations in the UK Robert D. Pearce and Ana Teresa Tavares INTRODUCTION AND THEORETICAL BACKGROUND One of the persistent aims of analysing MNEs has been to indicate the nature and value of their impact on host countries (Dunning, 1994; Ozawa, 1992). A prevalent mode of articulation has then been to suggest that MNEs transfer to host countries their existing competitive attributes (notably the technology and expertise to produce established goods) in order to improve the efficiency of their use through combination with local standardized (cost-effective) inputs (Vernon, 1966; Kojima, 1978). By allowing a more effective use of the existing competitive attributes of both the MNE and the host country such behaviour enhances static efficiency through improved resource allocation. As a means of propounding the virtues of MNEs, however, the static nature of this line of argument represents a hostage to fortune. Thus critics can point to an implicit vulnerability to ‘footloose’ exit. MNEs allow their mature and standardized technologies (in particular) to be activated in a certain country due to the cost characteristics of its qualitatively homogeneous inputs. Successful local development (a dynamic scenario) changes, it is argued, the host country’s input characteristics through higher prices for qualitatively improved assets and impels the cost-obsessed MNE operations to migrate to a new, now lower cost, country. This hollows out part of the development process to which the MNE initially...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.