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The Dynamics of Social Exclusion in Europe

Comparing Austria, Germany, Greece, Portugal and the UK

Edited by Eleni Apospori and Jane Millar

Issues of poverty and social exclusion are high on the European policy agenda. The Dynamics of Social Exclusion in Europe reports findings from a study funded by the European Commission, using data from the European Community Household Panel, with a multi-dimensional approach to international comparisons of poverty and social exclusion. The research, building upon that of the preceding book – Poverty and Social Exclusion in Europe – compares four groups who are anticipated to be at particular risk of poverty and social exclusion; young adults, lone parents, the sick or disabled, and those retired from employment.
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Chapter 8: Tackling poverty and social exclusion

Christopher Heady and Graham Room


Christopher Heady and Graham Room This chapter brings together the analysis in the preceding chapters and draws policy conclusions. As most of the analysis has been organized by country, a first step is to look for patterns across countries, and this is the subject of the first section below. This is followed by a discussion of the policy implications of the results, at the national and the European levels. Finally, some of the methodological issues that arose in our research are summarized. CROSS-COUNTRY PATTERNS This section proceeds by first looking at the results for each life course and risk group, in terms of both static and dynamic measures of poverty and deprivation. The links between the static and dynamic measures, and their policy relevance, are then discussed. Retired People On a static headcount basis, retired people experienced greater poverty than all adults in every country except Germany. Their poverty rates were even further above those of adults near to retirement: non-retired adults over 45. At the same time, their chances of poverty exit were slightly lower than for all adults and (with the exception of Portugal) non-retired adults over 45. These observations combined to produce a situation where retired people had a higher probability than both all adults and (even for Portugal) non-retired adults over 45 of experiencing poverty in two successive years, even in Germany. This contrast between the static and dynamic results for Germany provides an illustration of the importance of dynamic analysis in analysing the effectiveness...

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