An International Comparative Analysis
- New Horizons in the Economics of Innovation series
Abbreviations FDI GDI GDP GERD GNP GRI HRD IMF IT LDC MNC MVA NGO NIC NSI OECD PPP R&D RSE S&T SME TFP TNC TRIPS USPTO VC WTO foreign direct investment gross domestic investment gross domestic product gross expenditure in R&D gross national product government research institute human resources development International Monetary Fund information technology less-developed country multinational company manufacturing value added non-governmental organisation newly industrialised country national systems of innovation Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development purchasing power parity research and development density of research scientists and engineers science and technology small and medium-sized enterprise total factor productivity transnational corporation trade-related intellectual property rights United States Patent and Trademark Oﬃce venture capital Word Trade Organisation vii
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.