Show Less

Government, Innovation and Technology Policy

An International Comparative Analysis

Sunil Mani

This unique book offers a comprehensive analysis of the changing role of government with respect to domestic technology development in eight countries in both the developed and the developing world. The author distinguishes between those countries which can be classed as creators of new technologies (Japan, Korea and Israel) and those which possess the potential to create new technologies (Singapore, Malaysia, India, South Africa and Brazil).
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 2: The Japanese Model of Low Government Intervention

An International Comparative Analysis

Sunil Mani


The Japanese Innovation System (JIS) is a complex system comprising processes, institutions and forms of organisation. These include the market process, intraand inter-corporate organisation, government regulation and intervention, and university teaching and research. As with any complex system, the analysis of JIS involves a simplification, an abstraction of some of the major factors which influence the system and its behaviour and performance. Like the proverbial elephant, JIS can be all things to all people. For example, those who see market forces as the motor of capitalism see in JIS, cut-throat competition between Japanese companies and a government which spends a relatively small proportion of national income while ensuring that its interventions are exclusively of a market-conforming kind. On the other hand, those who believe in the virtues of government intervention see in JIS a strong state which is oriented to the development of the nation’s economy and which is prepared to put considerable pressure on Japanese companies to move in the directions in which government feels is desirable. (Fransman, 1996) In the previous chapter we saw that government does play an important part in the area of technological development of both the developed and developing countries. In the light of the arguments and experiences presented above, in the present chapter we analyse the experience of Japan. The Japanese model of organising industrial R&D is important for two reasons. First, it is a well-documented fact that technology is an important factor or input in explaining the spectacular growth...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.