Show Less

Government, Innovation and Technology Policy

An International Comparative Analysis

Sunil Mani

This unique book offers a comprehensive analysis of the changing role of government with respect to domestic technology development in eight countries in both the developed and the developing world. The author distinguishes between those countries which can be classed as creators of new technologies (Japan, Korea and Israel) and those which possess the potential to create new technologies (Singapore, Malaysia, India, South Africa and Brazil).
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 5: The Malaysian Experience

An International Comparative Analysis

Sunil Mani


Malaysia is seven times bigger than Singapore (in terms of population) and has the same three ethnic groups of Malays, Chinese and Indians, which make up its total population, quite similar to that of Singapore. However, its overall economic progress is also remarkably like that of Singapore. From being an exporter of primary products, it has within a short period of ten years or so emerged as a leading exporter of high technology: in fact the country is the third largest exporter of electronic components to one of the most sophisticated markets in the world, namely that of the United States. Like Singapore, foreign companies dominate Malaysia’s enterprise sector, though the country had a much earlier policy of promoting local capital through the policy on affirmative action (Bumiputera). In other words the state had a much more explicit role to play in enterprise development in the Malaysian context than in the case of Singapore. However, my analysis will show that the quality of this intervention varies significantly across the two countries. Thus, for instance, Malaysia has a much more explicit and all-encompassing set of fiscal instruments for encouraging innovation in the enterprise sector but its results have been much poorer in terms of R&D investments, especially as the state has not been very effective in addressing itself to the perceived shortage of technically trained personnel. This provides the broad background against which an analysis of the innovation policy of the country is attempted.1 Following the structure...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.