Edited by Nick Hanley, W. Douglass Shaw and Robert E. Wright
Chapter 6: Non-Participation, Demand Intensity and Substitution Effects in an Integrable Demand System: The Case of Day Trips to the North-Eastern Alps
6. Non-participation, demand intensity and substitution eﬀects in an integrable demand system: the case of day trips to the North-Eastern Alps Riccardo Scarpa, Tiziano Tempesta and Mara Thiene 1. INTRODUCTION The mountain range of the Alps is a much celebrated destination for outdoor activities. Recreationists come from all over the world to enjoy the Alpine environment and the local traditions. Foreign as well as Italian visitors from non-Alpine regions share the beneﬁts of this resource with local users, who also have a long-established tradition of outdoor recreation in the Alps. Despite the tremendous popularity that the Alps enjoy as a destination for recreation, surprisingly few international research papers have attempted an estimation of the economic beneﬁts associated with this natural resource. None, to our knowledge, focuses on non-specialist (or ‘generic’) outdoor recreation by local residents, such as day trips. The main objective of this chapter is to start ﬁlling this apparent vacuum. We attempt such an analysis by considering a set of Eastern Alps destinations and casting the problem as a demand system for day trips from residents of a neighbouring region. Day trips are normally taken for carrying out many diverse activities, such as rambling, hiking in ferrata routes and ﬂora and fauna watching. The kind of trips we analyse are generic trips in the sense that they are not related to any particular mountain activity.1 The eﬀort is timely, as the year 2002 is the year of the Mountains, and this has brought about...
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