From Government to Governance
Chapter 5: The World of Standards
Por eso afirman que la conservación de este mundo es una perpetua creación y que los verbos conservar y crear, tan enemistados aquí, son sinónimos en el Cielo. [It is stated that the preservation of this world is a perpetual creation and that the verbs ‘preserve’ and ‘create’, so opposed to each other here, are synonymous in Heaven] (Jorge Luis Borges, Historia de la eternidad, 1957: 35) INTRODUCTION Standards play a crucial role in defining the market share of entire industrial sectors (and not just high-tech ones), shaping the technological advances of technological systems, and defining the overall performance of these. Standards can be formal agreements or regulations, or can be de facto standards defined strictly by market dynamics. Yet, common to them all is that they are essential elements in the innovation process, with notorious path dependency effects. Defining the technical specifications of a product or a production process does not just affect the level of interconnectivity and interchangeability of that element within the technological system it is embedded in, it also affects the patterns on which the product and the overall technological system are likely to evolve in the future. In other words, by defining current technical specifications, we narrow significantly the options for the technological developments to come, since alternatives are ruled out by a combination of technological and market choice. Social actors make the choice in different contexts, depending on how the standards were achieved and what type of standard is being referred...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.