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Chapter 21: Collective Property Rights for Economic Development: The Case of the Ceramics Cultural District in Caltagirone, Sicily
21 Collective property rights for economic development: the case of the ceramics cultural district in Caltagirone, Sicily Tiziana Cuccia and Walter Santagata* Introduction Murano is famous all over the world for its exquisite glassware, created by designers with great aesthetic taste and reﬁned technological know-how. In Arezzo, Vicenza and Valenza Po, hundreds of goldsmiths work precious metals and diamonds using a combination of traditional techniques and original creativity: Como’s printed silks, Prato’s fabrics, Biella’s ﬁne wool, and Faenza’s, Albissola’s and Caltagirone’s artistic ceramics are other examples of localized production of culture-based goods. This diffused system of localized small ﬁrms with a high aesthetic and intellectual content makes Italy the land of cultural districts par excellence (Santagata 2002a, 2004). Italy, more than other countries, provides favourable conditions for so many small ﬁrms to ﬂourish, for community cultures to thrive; for the development of the necessary know-how and conditions to turn an area of craftsmanship into an industrial cultural district. The aim of this chapter is to analyse the institutional aspects of the ceramics industry in the cultural district of Caltagirone. As the market of intangibles goods (ideas, forms and design) develops and expands, protecting intellectual property becomes a key issue. Therefore public policies supporting the sustainable economic development of localized industry become necessary (Benghozi and Santagata 2001). From this perspective, we believe that establishing individual and collective property rights would facilitate entry into the post-Fordist industrial phase of organizational ﬂexibility and global markets. This chapter proceeds as follows. First, Caltagirone’s...
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