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Emerging Paradigms in International Entrepreneurship

Edited by Marian V. Jones and Pavlos Dimitratos

Emerging Paradigms in International Entrepreneurship identifies key themes that collectively demonstrate the convergence of thinking at the interface between the disciplines of international business and entrepreneurship. These are: development of the field and the effects of international entrepreneurship on a new economy; conceptual and paradigmatic developments; international entrepreneurship and the internet as a developing research agenda; contacts links and networks as process driven internationalisation; cross-sectoral, cross-national and cross-cultural comparisons of entrepreneurship; and the experiential emphasis in entrepreneurial internationalisation.
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Chapter 15: How Entrepreneurial are University Alumni? A Scottish and International Comparison

Jonathan Levie, Wendy Brown and Laura Galloway


Jonathan Levie, Wendy Brown and Laura Galloway INTRODUCTION International entrepreneurship is a young field with several sub-fields, including entrepreneurial cross-border activities and ‘research comparing domestic entrepreneurial behavior in multiple countries’ (McDougall and Oviatt, 2000, p. 903). This chapter aims to contribute to the latter sub-field of comparative entrepreneurship, with a new study comparing new business activity among university alumni with new business activity of national adult populations. Surveys of university students and of young people in the UK have consistently shown that self-employment or starting and running one’s own business is a desirable career choice for almost half of those sampled (Harrison and Hart, 1992; Curran and Blackburn, 1989; Worcester, 2000; MORI, 1998). To what extent are such intentions translated into action? This question is important for the economic development of a country, given the alleged link between entrepreneurship and national prosperity (Reynolds et al., 2000). It is also important for universities, since it has been posited, at least in the UK, that ‘too few people with innovative ideas and know-how come out of universities … to start growth businesses’ (Department of Trade and Industry, 1998, p. 2.6). It is equally important for entrepreneurship educators, as it could help determine the extent to which entrepreneurship should be taught in universities across faculties, not just in business schools. In this chapter, we regard entrepreneurial activity as the creation of a new business, following the convention of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor research consortium (Reynolds et al., 2000). In this view, becoming...

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