Chapter 7: Conclusions
7. Conclusions In this ﬁnal chapter we seek ﬁrst of all to summarise our most important ﬁndings. We then reﬂect on these ﬁndings in the light of the typologies we discussed in Chapter 1, assessing how much the ﬁndings support, qualify or undermine these approaches. Previously, we have discussed these typologies in the light of individual chapters: here we summon all the available evidence from the different chapters. In keeping with the focus on institutions and policies, we then discuss some policy implications of the ﬁndings. We also discuss some methodological issues and reﬂect on some insights we have gained into both comparative and longitudinal research. Finally, we give the reader a sense of how research of this kind might proceed, as we outline some strategies for future research. 7.1 COMPARING UNEMPLOYED MEN AND WOMEN IN BRITAIN AND GERMANY In the context of different state responses to the challenge of unemployment, it was the task of this book to investigate outcomes for individual unemployed men and women in Britain and Germany. What have we found? 7.1.1 Comparing Unemployment and Poverty Our ﬁrst area of analysis (Chapter 4) was the ﬁnancial consequences of unemployment. We measured whether the household income of unemployed individuals, adjusted for household composition, was below various proportions of the average income in their country. We thereby measured relative ﬁnancial deprivation, often considered a guide to whether or not people have the material resources to participate in the normal activities of their society. Overall, we ﬁnd...
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