- New Perspectives in Research on Corporate Sustainability series
Edited by Sanjay Sharma and Mark Starik
Chapter 2: Stakeholders and the Management of Freshwater Resources in New Zealand: A Critical Commons Perspective
2. Stakeholders and the management of freshwater resources in New Zealand: a critical commons perspective1 P. Ali Memon and John W. Selsky INTRODUCTION Many of the major environmental issues that have captured the New Zealand public’s attention during the last decade relate to the management of natural resources such as water, ﬁsheries and forests. Available longitudinal data and public media accounts concerning changes in the state of the New Zealand environment indicate that the country’s terrestrial, air and ocean resources all are under increasing pressure (DoC 1996; MfE 1997). Even compared to the opinions held only ten years ago, most stakeholders in New Zealand would now agree that its ‘clean green’ image is heavily tainted. Issues of environmental decline are, of course, not conﬁned to New Zealand. Globally there is a growing awareness of threats to and degradations of many natural resources and environments. One of the major environmental and development problems in the world today is managing natural resources that have multiple stakeholders, existing or potential conﬂict among them, and rapid change in resource uses. The challenge in such situations is to design institutions and decision-making processes that are participatory and pluralistic, and that respect the ecological integrity of the resources themselves (Meppem 2000). Discourses of sustainability show considerable promise in recent policy and academic debates over how to meet this challenge. Policy-makers and researchers using sustainability frameworks recognize the need to understand the complex linkages between social and ecological systems, i.e., between key natural resources and...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.