The Co-evolution of Influence and Technology
Chapter 7: Co-Evolution: Localization of the Internet System
7.1 INTRODUCTION The ‘population of dynamics’ of development of the Internet system was examined in Chapter 6, where it was argued that the global expansion and localization of the Internet appear to have been inﬂuenced by economic, cultural and regional factors. Technological and social learning in the localization of the Internet system appear either to be locked into the existing system or facilitated by competing technologies. The Internet system has been localized through the choice of ICTs made by the advanced economies. There is little evidence of convergence in terms of access to the Internet between rich and poor countries, but there are differences in Internet system development among the advanced economies. This chapter analyses the development of the Internet system as the outcome of localization across countries in relation to economic, cultural and regional factors. Factors that might inﬂuence localization of the Internet can be summarized, on the basis of the theoretical analysis in Chapters 2 and 3 and the empirical ﬁndings in Chapters 4 and 5, as follows. Localization of the Internet system is likely to be inﬂuenced by the dynamic interactions between a country’s economic, social and cultural characteristics and its science and technological systems. Development of the Internet, not surprisingly, is related to telecommunications and computer systems because of their technological interrelatedness, but the Internet has two features that make it distinctive from other technological systems. It was invented and developed to facilitate communication through the use of computers and telecommunications for the...
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