Changing Institutions in the European Union
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Changing Institutions in the European Union

A Public Choice Perspective

Edited by Giuseppe Eusepi and Friedrich Schneider

This book makes a valuable, analytical contribution to recent debates on the ongoing institutional changes occurring within the European Union. It provides a comprehensive and diverse insight into a variety of areas, including in-depth studies of fiscal, monetary and voting issues, to help elucidate the current period of transitional change.
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Chapter 8: Towards a more consistent design of parliamentary democracy and its consequences for the European Union

Charles B. Blankart and Dennis C. Mueller


Charles B. Blankart and Dennis C. Mueller TWO WAYS TO DEPART FROM DIRECT DEMOCRACY 1. During the last decade of the twentieth century, a large number of democratic states emerged out of the ashes of the Soviet empire. They all took the form of parliamentary democracies, that is, of governments mostly elected by parliaments re-sorting themselves from elections on a proportional basis, some with an elected president, some with a second chamber. Their relative merits have rarely been put into question. An oftenmentioned exception is Barro (1997), who has asked whether more authoritarian or more pluralistic democracies are able to generate higher rates of economic growth. His intention was to find an optimal democracy with regard to growth. In our view, however, democracy is not so much an instrument to generate growth, but rather a mechanism to find out and to execute what voters want. The question we want to ask is: what is the form of democracy that most faithfully transforms the outcome of democratic voting into collective actions? A point of reference to this question is direct democracy of the town-hall type. For in a direct democracy, there is no need for an intermediating agent interpreting and transforming the outcome of voting into political action. Political decisions are rather simultaneously decided and put into action by the citizens themselves. Direct democracy rests on the following three core principles: 1. 2. 3. Sovereignty is exercised directly by the citizens The condition of one-man one-vote applies The citizens engage directly...

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