Selected Economic Papers
- The Cournot Centre series
Edited by Jean-Philippe Touffut
Chapter 8: The diversity of social systems of innovation and production during the 1990s
8. The diversity of social systems of innovation and production during the 1990s Bruno Amable, with Pascal Petit INTRODUCTION The concept of an ‘innovation system’ (IS) refers to the various attempts that have been made to incorporate institutional elements into the economic analysis of technical change, and to study the impact these elements have had on long-term economic performance.1 Many research projects have started out with the premise that it is necessary to get away from viewing innovation as a process of mere individual decision making undertaken independently of institutional environments.2 Innovation necessarily implies interactions between actors (firms, researchers, universities, laboratories) and their environments. Moreover, it is wrong to think that such environments comprise nothing more than market price(s), albeit contingent. In reality, they consist of a whole set of rules, organizational forms and institutions. The differences in ‘technological styles’ that can be observed at the territorial level (usually a national one, although it can sometimes be a region or a wider grouping of countries), or even at the sectoral level, stem from variations in the institutional configurations that are specific to each territory. The expression ‘technological style’ is intentionally vague given the diversity of the characteristic features of technical change that are associated with institutional particularities: for example, the rate of change, the type of innovation (whether radical or incremental) and sectoral specialization which itself might vary as a function of the level of technological intensity or even of the long-term growth rate. These things being so, which...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.