A Second Movements in Entrepreneurship Book
Edited by Daniel Hjorth and Chris Steyaert
7. Crime and assumptions in entrepreneurship Alf Rehn and Saara Taalas INTRODUCTION William Gartner (1988), in his inﬂuential ‘“Who is an entrepreneur?” is the wrong question’, has suggested that there is a simple deﬁnition of entrepreneurship, namely ‘the creation of organizations’. Deftly arguing that there can be no generic deﬁnition of an entrepreneur, as such a search for traits common to entrepreneurs assumes an essentialism that is suspicious both analytically and philosophically, he then suggests that studies of entrepreneurship instead should focus on how organizations are created. The notion would resolve the issues with knowing what the ﬁeld should study, as the creation of organizations has been deﬁned as the best way to approach entrepreneurship. It corresponds well with the deﬁning belief of this text: that one has to, in order to understand a ﬁeld, look at what is empirically studied within it. What is stated in the high theory of a ﬁeld is less interesting, for on such levels of abstraction the very nature of the studied will by necessity become subsumed into the greater project pursued by the social scientist. In other words, a ﬁeld of inquiry is, for all intents and purposes, created through inquiries in the ﬁeld. But if one looks at what actually becomes studied in the ﬁeld, one will note certain tendencies regarding the choice of subjects. One of the most widespread of these is one almost never addressed, namely the bias towards judicial delimitation. It is this unconscious...
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