The Security–Business Nexus
Edited by Gabriele G.S. Suder
Chapter 5: The Complexity of the Geopolitics Dimension in Risk Assessment for International Business
Gabriele G.S. Suder INTRODUCTION John Agnew (1998) in Geopolitics: Re-visioning World Politics argued that world politics stem from Europe, evolving to a global power position, imposing patterns on the rest of the world in the pursuit of primacy of competing nations through colonization (from the late eighteenth century on), naturalization (1875–1945) and ideology (after the Second World War). The post-Cold War era was marked by the development of theories about in-between structures, originating in the search of cultural and politico-economic primacy.1 The belief in the hegemonial dominance of the US failed to materialize in the1990s, and geopolitical theory was complemented by global conservatist, corporatist, left and reformist, and neo-liberalist models that look at the world order in terms of control and power, culture and civilization, modernization, or globalism and anti-globalism.2 September 11, 2001 has given way to a new era that is characterized by complexity, vulnerability and uncertainty in all ﬁelds of world politics and economics.3 Containment is a probable strategy that will consequently be adopted, but it is not the aim of this chapter to erode its alternatives. Rather, we acknowledge that global space and territory have become seemingly uncontrollable. This geopolitical and economic challenge is what we will examine: a ﬂux of change that challenges and is challenged by the transitivity of this globalization, of vulnerability and of threat. A number of profound certainties, of ﬁxed and barely questioned realities in the international business environment, have to be complemented, or they have disappeared, or they are in...
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