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Regional Economies as Knowledge Laboratories

Edited by Philip Cooke and Andrea Piccaluga

Today, the study of regions is central to academic analysis and policy deliberation on how to respond to the rise of the knowledge economy. Regional Economies as Knowledge Laboratories illustrates how newer types of regional analysis – utilising scientometrics, knowledge services measures and university networks, and concepts such as knowledge life cycles, experimental knowledge creation, and knowledge ethics – are leading to a perception that regional economies increasingly resemble knowledge laboratories.
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Chapter 8: IndustryÂ…science relationships as enhancing regional knowledge economies: a comparative perspective from Japan and the UK

Fumi Kitagawa


8. Industry–science relationships as enhancing regional knowledge economies: a comparative perspective from Japan and the UK Fumi Kitagawa INTRODUCTION There are new trends in industrial strategies in most of the industrialized countries, with universities being recognized as key players in generating the industrial competitiveness of regions as well as nations in the knowledgebased economy. Increasingly, cooperation among industry and universities is encouraged by many national governments to develop cutting edge technology and to promote technology transfer and innovation. It is noted that although some powers and responsibilities related to science and research policy are devolved to regional governments, national (and transnational) governments tend still to retain significant influence. Most conceptual and empirical studies about ‘industry–science relationships’ (ISRs) are made at national level (for example OECD, 2002). However, it is important to analyse ISRs at different levels, namely, at local, regional, national and international, with interactions between them, within a framework of ‘multilevel governance’ (MLG) (Cooke, 2002, 60–61). National or transnational governments are good at setting frameworks for action but less so at detailed strategy in contexts with significant geographical variation, so ‘joining up government actions’ involving horizontal and vertical governmental relations (Cooke, 2002, 8) will be necessary, at transnational level where appropriate. The chapter highlights the different aspects of national ISR policies between the two countries, namely the UK and Japan, and then examines in each country the extent to which the development of ISRs is embedded in regional economies in relation to government’s...

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