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Relational Perspectives in Organizational Studies

A Research Companion

Edited by Olympia Kyriakidou and Mustafa F. Özbilgin

The contributors to this highly innovative and authoritative research companion, leading experts in their field, apply relational analyses to different areas of organization studies and provide a comprehensive review of the relational perspectives. The book features empirical, theoretical, philosophical and methodological contributions from a wide spectrum of disciplinary perspectives on relationality in and around organizations.
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Chapter 11: Interorganizational Cooperation between Not-for-Profit Organizations: A Relational Analysis

Julie Battilana and Metin Sengul


11 Interorganizational cooperation between not-for-profit organizations: a relational analysis Julie Battilana and Metin Sengul* Recent years witnessed a notable increase in cooperative arrangements between not-for-profit organizations. Yet, despite the richness of the existing alliance literature in the for-profit sector, interorganizational cooperative arrangements between not-for-profit organizations are still understudied and undertheorized. This chapter addresses this gap and develops a theoretical background for further theoretical and empirical work on interorganizational cooperation between not-for-profits. We emphasize that for not-for-profits, unlike for-profits, neither inputs nor outputs are simple transactions, making both their needs and the boundaries they need to manage more complex. Importantly it is not the reasons of cooperation or the way they engage in those arrangements that differ; it is the mechanisms behind those arrangements. In explaining these mechanisms, we explore what a not-for-profit organization is and in which dimensions these organizations differ from their for-profit counterparts; why they might seek cooperative arrangements with other not-for-profits; with whom they are likely to engage in cooperative relationships; and how integrative these arrangements are likely to be. Overall, this study highlights the differences in motives and activities of not-for-profit organizations, and the need to develop additional theories to address those differences in explaining interorganizational arrangements between them. Introduction In 2003, La Bourguette,1 a 7 million euro not-for-profit organization (NFPO) that takes care of autistic children and adults in Southern France, celebrated the thirtieth anniversary of its foundation....

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