A Research Companion
Edited by Olympia Kyriakidou and Mustafa F. Özbilgin
Chapter 11: Interorganizational Cooperation between Not-for-Profit Organizations: A Relational Analysis
11 Interorganizational cooperation between not-for-proﬁt organizations: a relational analysis Julie Battilana and Metin Sengul* Recent years witnessed a notable increase in cooperative arrangements between not-for-proﬁt organizations. Yet, despite the richness of the existing alliance literature in the for-proﬁt sector, interorganizational cooperative arrangements between not-for-proﬁt organizations are still understudied and undertheorized. This chapter addresses this gap and develops a theoretical background for further theoretical and empirical work on interorganizational cooperation between not-for-proﬁts. We emphasize that for not-for-proﬁts, unlike for-proﬁts, neither inputs nor outputs are simple transactions, making both their needs and the boundaries they need to manage more complex. Importantly it is not the reasons of cooperation or the way they engage in those arrangements that diﬀer; it is the mechanisms behind those arrangements. In explaining these mechanisms, we explore what a not-for-proﬁt organization is and in which dimensions these organizations diﬀer from their for-proﬁt counterparts; why they might seek cooperative arrangements with other not-for-proﬁts; with whom they are likely to engage in cooperative relationships; and how integrative these arrangements are likely to be. Overall, this study highlights the diﬀerences in motives and activities of not-for-proﬁt organizations, and the need to develop additional theories to address those diﬀerences in explaining interorganizational arrangements between them. Introduction In 2003, La Bourguette,1 a 7 million euro not-for-proﬁt organization (NFPO) that takes care of autistic children and adults in Southern France, celebrated the thirtieth anniversary of its foundation....
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