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Technological Change and Economic Catch-up

The Role of Science and Multinationals

Edited by Grazia D. Santangelo

This book tackles the issue of technological and economic catch-up by examining the role that public research institutions and local policy play in the promotion of this process by fostering local science–technology linkages with incoming foreign-owned multinationals. Although the book comprises various techno-socio-economic contexts and different methodological perspectives, the authors share the idea that public research, educational and political institutions provide capabilities in basic research and training of highly skilled labour, while private corporations establish networking connections with scientific and professional communities (and therefore access to knowledge and contacts) in other parts of the world.
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Chapter 11: Universities and Economically Depressed Regions: How Strong is the Influence of the University of Évora on the Human Capital of the Region?

Maria da Conceicao Rego


11. Universities and economically depressed regions: how strong is the influence of the University of Évora on the human capital of the region? Maria da Conceição Rego 1. INTRODUCTION In the last 30 years, the expansion of higher education has been one of the most important events in Portugal in social terms. This expansion has come about in three ways: the creation of new public universities; the creation of public polytechnic institutions; and the development of private universities. This evolution has changed, in a substantial way, the panorama of higher education in Portugal: this subsystem, initially elitist, has become an education of the masses; the number of pupils, teachers and educational establishments has increased exponentially; these establishments, originally located only in the large cities on the Portuguese coast (Lisbon, Coimbra and Porto), started to emerge in the cities of the interior, modifying them fundamentally and allowing access to this level of education on the part of innumerable students who otherwise would not have had the economic means to enjoy it. The changes that have occurred in the domain of higher education have influenced the functions that these institutions have to perform. The universities currently fulfil three primary functions (Geoideia, 1993): 1. The development of highly qualified human resources: the university trains graduates, masters and doctors generally required in the labour market, the educational system and the scientific and technological system. The accomplishment of R&D activities: the goal of the university is to generate...

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