The Role of Science and Multinationals
Edited by Grazia D. Santangelo
Chapter 11: Universities and Economically Depressed Regions: How Strong is the Influence of the University of Évora on the Human Capital of the Region?
11. Universities and economically depressed regions: how strong is the inﬂuence of the University of Évora on the human capital of the region? Maria da Conceição Rego 1. INTRODUCTION In the last 30 years, the expansion of higher education has been one of the most important events in Portugal in social terms. This expansion has come about in three ways: the creation of new public universities; the creation of public polytechnic institutions; and the development of private universities. This evolution has changed, in a substantial way, the panorama of higher education in Portugal: this subsystem, initially elitist, has become an education of the masses; the number of pupils, teachers and educational establishments has increased exponentially; these establishments, originally located only in the large cities on the Portuguese coast (Lisbon, Coimbra and Porto), started to emerge in the cities of the interior, modifying them fundamentally and allowing access to this level of education on the part of innumerable students who otherwise would not have had the economic means to enjoy it. The changes that have occurred in the domain of higher education have inﬂuenced the functions that these institutions have to perform. The universities currently fulﬁl three primary functions (Geoideia, 1993): 1. The development of highly qualiﬁed human resources: the university trains graduates, masters and doctors generally required in the labour market, the educational system and the scientiﬁc and technological system. The accomplishment of R&D activities: the goal of the university is to generate...
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