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A Biographical Dictionary of Dissenting Economists Second Edition

Edited by Philip Arestis and Malcolm Sawyer

This is a thoroughly updated and revised edition of the first, and definitive, biographical dictionary of dissenting economists. It is an extensive and authoritative guide to economists both past and present, providing biographical, bibliographical and critical information on over 100 economists working in the non-neoclassical traditions broadly defined. It includes entries on, amongst others, radical economists, Marxists, post-Keynesians, behaviourists, Kaleckians and institutionalists. The book demonstrates the extent and richness of the radical heterodox tradition in economics.
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HAKRAVARTY (1934–1990) It is perhaps best to begin this essay with a brief statement on how I look at the intellectual enterprise called economics. Economics as a discipline appears to me to be located at the edge of ‘history’ and ‘theory’, a point that John Hicks used to stress with increasing frequency in the closing years of his life. I have no doubt that there are many eminent proponents of mainstream theorizing in economics who take the view that a knowledge of economic history is a necessary ingredient in the training of an economist. But they are quite clearly unable to accept the centrality of history to economic theorizing or, more importantly, to indicate precisely how history enters into economics. Clearly one could be a physicist or a theoretical chemist without being interested in the history of the earth or for that matter of the universe, although there are important points of contact between recent work in cosmology and elementary particle physics. Geologists and evolutionary biologists have, of course, maintained an interest in history. But it is rather uncommon these days to come across economic theorists who accept ‘geology’ as their model discipline. An exception is a pronouncement by Arrow (1986); however it would be difficult to discern any trace of historical thinking in his published work or, for that matter, in the work that he has so eminently inspired. Absence of evolutionary thinking in economics was strongly deplored by Veblen, but he has been outside the pale...

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