Edited by Philip Arestis and Malcolm Sawyer
a Colonna Claudio Napoleoni was born in L’Aquila on 5 March 1924, and died in Andorno Micca (Vercelli, Italy) on 31 July 1988. For the generation of Italian economists who were trained in the 1960s, Napoleoni was a leading thinker, active in both economic theory and policy and in political debate. From 1968 until the early 1970s, he was regarded by university students as a cultural and political point of reference, as the philosopher-economist who had been able to promote a revival of Marx and a critique of political economy, and who had helped to renew the study of economics in Italy. For the entire Italian left-wing movement, Napoleoni has frequently played the role of provocative critic, commanding attention even from those scholars and politicians who did not share his views and beliefs. Napoleoni’s political and cultural training started soon after the war, when he became a member of the Constituent Ministry, worked with the Communist Finance Minister M. Scoccimarro (1945–46), joined the Economic Committee of the Italian Communist party, and participated with M. Rossi Doria in the study for agrarian reform in the region of Calabria. In 1948–50 he was editor of La realtà economica, a fortnightly magazine of the ‘Consigli di Gestione’, which inﬂuenced the left-wing movement and the development of its economic policy. The aim of the magazine was to make the production process and the public institutions increasingly democratic through widespread information about important events of Italian economic life. Consequently, the magazine paid...
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