Understanding the Immigrant–Trade Link
14.1 THE LESSONS LEARNED The overarching goal of this book has been to provide information on the role that immigrants may play in the process of international economic integration – specifically, through their potential influences on bilateral and multilateral trade flows. Better understanding the immigrant–trade relationship allows for a more complete understanding of international economic integration and, more generally, of the process of globalization. To facilitate this end, we have applied the augmented gravity model to data on trade and migration to complete analyses that involve as few as one host country and 54 home countries to as many as 110 host countries and 131 home countries. The analyses span various time periods, ranging from a single year to recent decades. We have utilized various econometric methods and, by doing so, have entertained a number of related hypotheses. The results from these studies provide relevant information that contributes directly to the enhancement of our understanding of the immigrant–trade link. Moreover, as noted, the results are potentially useful for the formulation of related public policies such as immigration policy and trade policy. Collectively, the findings provide answers to the following questions. ● ● ● ● ● Is there evidence of a positive and significant influence of immigrants on trade between their respective host and home countries? Are the influences of immigrants on trade homogenous across product types and industry/sector classifications? Have immigration policies and changes in such policies influenced the immigrant–trade relationship? Do differences in relative levels of economic and/or social development for immigrants’...
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