Edited by Ilde Rizzo and Anna Mignosa
Chapter 22: The economic, social and cultural impact of cultural heritage: methods and examples
As in environmental economics, the value, or impact, of cultural heritage on society has to be considered from a number of perspectives. The intrinsic value of heritage refers to the inherent value of the heritage itself, its meaning and importance in a historical, cultural and emotional sense, regardless of any market or financial value that it may have. In this sense, the heritage is part of what Throsby (2001) referred to as ‘cultural capital’, which should be counted as part of the wealth of a region or nation. These sorts of impact are very difficult to capture in a market, and are likely to be public goods, in that, once they are provided, it is not possible to exclude others in the society from using them. Referring to Figure 22.1, intrinsic values can include non-use values (such as option-use, existence values and bequest values) and direct-use value. Non-use values can only be measured using stated preferences (such as willingness-to-pay, WTP, studies and choice experiments, CE), where respondents are asked directly for their valuations of the heritage in question. Revealed preference can be applied when there is some use of the heritage resource. In this case, the time and cost of travel to the heritage site, or differences in housing prices closer to or further away from the heritage resource can be used as indicators of value.
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