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Appendix: Timeline of Chinese History
1 Xia c.2100–1800 bc Ancient China Shang 1700–1027 bc Zhou 1027–221 bc Qin 221–207 bc Han 206 bc–ad 220 Early Imperial China Three Kingdoms ad 220–265 Jin 265–420 Sixteen Kingdoms 304–439 Southern and Northern Dynasties 420–588 Sui 580–618 Tang 618–907 Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms 907–960 Classical Imperial China Song 960–1279 Yuan 1279–1368 Ming 1368–1644 Qing 1644–1911 Warlordism 1912–1928 Contemporary China Republic of China 1911–1949 Japanese Invasion 1937–1945 Civil War 1945–1949 People’s Republic of China (in mainland China) 1949– Republic of China (in Taiwan Island China) 1949– China Now The origins of the Neolithic in China can be traced back to about 12 000 bc along the Yellow River. The Chinese began farming from about 5000 bc, with rice cultivated in the south and millet grown in the north. The earliest Chinese writing was believed to be invented between 3000 and 4000 bc, while ancient Chinese literature attributed the origin of the Chinese script to a man named Cang Jie, who is believed to be the official historian of the legendary Yellow Emperor. The wheel was invented around 2500 bc and provided more effective means of transport for the rulers. 255 1 TANG PRINT.indd 255 27/10/2011 09:57
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