Chapter 11: Enforcement, Preemption and Precautionary Self-defense
11. Enforcement, preemption and precautionary self-defense 1. ATTACKING NUCLEAR REACTORS 1.1 The 2007 Attack at Al Kibar, Syria On September 6, 2007, Israel bombed a target in Eastern Syria located in the Al Kibar area1 close to the Iraqi border.2 The attack and the reasons for it were shrouded in secrecy. There was speculation in the media that the target might have been a nuclear reactor.3 Information about the incident was restricted to some officials and the Israeli press was prevented from publishing information about the attack.4 After the Israeli raid, satellite images showed the site being bulldozed clear in an alleged attempt by Syria to destroy evidence about the facility.5 In October 2007, a nongovernmental organization successfully located the site through satellite The Al Kibar facility was located in an isolated desert region of eastern Syria called Dayr az Zawr close to the Euphrates River. 2 CNN first reported the strike as an attack targeting Hezbollah militants. See ‘Syria Complains to UN about Israeli Airstrike,’ CNN, Sept. 11, 2007 available online http://edition.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/meast/09/11/israel.syria. In a letter to UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon, Syria called the raid ‘a breach of air space of the Syrian Arab Republic.’ There was speculation that about ten North Koreans working at the facility died but these reports remained unverified. See Tak Kumakura, ‘North Koreans May Have Died in Israel Attack on Syria, NHK Says,’ Bloomberg.com, Apr. 28, 2008. See also Uzi Mahnaimi and Sarah Baxter, ‘Israelis Seized Nuclear Material in Syrian...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.