Chapter 7: Investments in Vehicle Combustion Engine Technologies
INTRODUCTION DOE has had a history of involvement in vehicle technologies, including being one of the major participants involved in President Clinton’s establishment of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV) in 1993. Joining the DOE in this partnership were seven other government agencies (the Departments of Commerce, Defense, Interior, and Transportation; the NSF; NASA; and the EPA); national laboratories; and the Chrysler Corporation, the Ford Motor Company, and General Motors (through the United States Council for Automotive Research). The goals of the PNGV were as follows: (1) to improve national manufacturing competitiveness, (2) to implement commercially viable technologies that increase the fuel efficiency and reduce the emissions from conventional vehicles, and (3) to develop technologies for a new class of vehicles with up to three times the fuel efficiency of 1994 midsize family sedans (80 mpg) while meeting emission standards and without sacrificing performance, affordability, utility, safety, or comfort. (NRC, 2001, p. 146) The Bush Administration modified the PNGV program in 2001 and adopted a new focus through the creation of FreedomCAR in 2003. One emphasis of FreedomCAR was on hydrogen fuel cells (PNGV, 2009). The counterpart to the PNGV for passenger vehicles was the 21st Century Truck Partnership, announced in April 2000. The goals of this government program were to improve fuel efficiency in long-haul trucks, increasing Class 7 and Class 8 highway truck fuel efficiency by 20 per cent, from the current 42 per cent thermal efficiency to 50 per cent thermal efficiency by 2010...
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