Regulating Workplace Risks
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Regulating Workplace Risks

A Comparative Study of Inspection Regimes in Times of Change

David Walters, Richard Johnstone, Kaj Frick, Michael Quinlan, Geneviève Baril-Gingras and Annie Thébaud-Mony

It examines the implications of the shift from specification to process based regulation, in which attention has been increasingly directed to the means of managing OHS more systematically at a time in which a major restructuring of work has occurred in response to the globalised economy. These changes provide both the context and material for a wider discussion of the nature of regulation and regulatory inspection and their role in protecting the health, safety and well-being of workers in advanced market economies.
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Chapter 11: Occupational Cancer in France: A Challenge for OHS Management

David Walters, Richard Johnstone, Kaj Frick, Michael Quinlan, Geneviève Baril-Gingras and Annie Thébaud-Mony


INTRODUCTION Thus far the book has focused on the implementation of systematic OHS management (OHSM) at a general level (although some industry and hazard-based differences have been identified). This chapter takes a different and more focused approach, examining the capacity of systematic OHSM to address occupational cancer in France. While France has not adopted systematic OHSM or process standards to the extent of other jurisdictions we have examined (such as the UK and Sweden) it has been subject to similar influences in terms of more systematic and risk-oriented approaches to OHS. In a very real sense, hazardous substances and occupational cancer provide a litmus test for the value of the implementation of a more process-based approach to regulating OHS. One of the major perceived advantages of process standards is their greater capacity, in comparison to specification standards, to deal with complex and dynamic hazards at work. The wide array of occupational cancers arising from exposure to a myriad of interacting hazardous substances (proliferating over time) and working conditions arguably exemplifies such a complex and dynamic set of hazards. This chapter is divided into four sections. The first section provides a brief overview of the OHS regulatory framework in France, including the extent to which risk-assessment and process standards have been adopted. It also describes the structure of the inspectorate and occupational medical services that address hazardous substances and health risks, including cancer. The second section critically evaluates the concepts of quality and standardization, concepts that underpin...

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