Regulating Workplace Risks
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Regulating Workplace Risks

A Comparative Study of Inspection Regimes in Times of Change

David Walters, Richard Johnstone, Kaj Frick, Michael Quinlan, Geneviève Baril-Gingras and Annie Thébaud-Mony

It examines the implications of the shift from specification to process based regulation, in which attention has been increasingly directed to the means of managing OHS more systematically at a time in which a major restructuring of work has occurred in response to the globalised economy. These changes provide both the context and material for a wider discussion of the nature of regulation and regulatory inspection and their role in protecting the health, safety and well-being of workers in advanced market economies.
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Chapter 12: Regulatory Inspection and the Impact of Requirements for Systematic OHS Management in Five Countries

David Walters, Richard Johnstone, Kaj Frick, Michael Quinlan, Geneviève Baril-Gingras and Annie Thébaud-Mony


JOBNAME: Walters et al PAGE: 1 SESS: 3 OUTPUT: Tue Sep 6 15:16:43 2011 12. Regulatory inspection and the impact of requirements for systematic OHS management in five countries THE SCOPE OF THIS CHAPTER This chapter draws together the main themes that have emerged from the national case studies. First it compares and contrasts the regulatory and institutional background to OHS management (OHSM) inspection in the five countries studied, noting patterns of convergence or divergence between them. It then considers where approaches to OHSM fit in the strategies of regulatory agencies and inspection practices in the five countries, exploring whether OHSM regulation has a central place in inspection strategies overall, as well as questions of resourcing, again noting patterns of convergence and divergence. While its central focus is on the labour inspectorate, the chapter also compares and contrasts the infrastructure of the OHS systems in different countries and discusses the significance of other actors and their resources in approaches to compliance with OHSM requirements. Broadly speaking, the findings of previous chapters illuminated the continuing role of regulatory inspection in improving health and safety in modern work settings, through requiring better approaches to its systematic management. But they also identified the difficulties that inspectors face in inspecting, and requiring better, OHSM, and the limitations of traditional approaches to inspection in this respect. At the core of the present chapter, therefore, is a comparative account of the salient features of the successes and challenges experienced in relation...

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