Edited by Laura E. Grube and Virgil Henry Storr
A culture is an aggregate of divergent and contradictory pictures, and each picture is true. (Hidetoshi Kato, cited in Kotkin 1992: p. 10) Agrarian reform, economic reform, financial reform, constitutional reform? Certainly Brazil needs reforms and achievements of all kinds—railways and highways, hydroelectric energy . . . but what is really needed is a reform within the Brazilian mind. Don’t have any illusions: without a reform within the mind . . . that makes us shape within ourselves, not only intellectually but . . . above all emotionally, a radical shift of concepts and attitudes about life, Brazil, and the universe . . . we shall continue to be what we are: a country that progresses but does not ennoble itself, a country without a message for the world, a disorganized collectivity that lacks moral initiative and public spirit . . . that permanently awaits miracle workers or caudillos to solve the problems that only spiritually, morally, and organically integrated communities can really resolve. (Clodomir Vianna Moog, Bandeirantes e Pioneiros, 1964: p. 198, cited in Harrison 1992: p. 50)
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