Does Economic Governance Matter?
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Does Economic Governance Matter?

Governance Institutions and Outcomes

Edited by Mehmet Ugur and David Sunderland

This book contributes to the growing governance literature in three ways. First, it extends the analysis to new areas such as power asymmetry, regulation, transnational company strategies, and law enforcement. Secondly, it examines the role of formal institutions that shape and enforce the rules/norms codified in law; but also private-ordering institutions that function under the umbrella of the State; and private institutions (such as market rules/norms) that provide reputational and other information that foster compliance. Finally, the book extends and enriches the governance debate, addressing issues such as the determinants of institutional quality and efficiency, and the interaction between actor networks and institutional norms.
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Chapter 10: Electricity Sector Reforms and the Tariff Review Process in Brazil

Cláudio de Araújo Wanderley, John Cullen and Mathew Tsamenyi


Cláudio de Araújo Wanderley, John Cullen and Mathew Tsamenyi INTRODUCTION Many countries have deregulated so-called public services utilities, causing changes in the institutional environment of this sector. The main justification for such reforms has been the policy makers’ claim that privatised organisations would be more efficient and effective in their operations and services within a competitive environment (Boubakri and Cosset, 1998; Jaruga and Ho, 2002; Johnson et al., 2000; Ogden, 1995 1997; Jacobs, 2009; Tsamenyi et al., 2010). This chapter examines such reforms in the context of the Brazilian electricity sector by focusing on the development of the tariff review process and the effects of the latter on electricity sector outcomes such as investment and prices. Electricity sector reforms in Brazil started with the privatisation programme between 1995 and 2002, which created about US$100 billion of revenue for the government (BNDES, 2002). Privatisation was a consequence of political decisions made by the Brazilian government, but these decision were taken under internal pressure for privatisation as well as external pressure from the World Bank and the IMF (International Monetary Fund), who played a significant role in the process of the utility sector’s deregulation in Brazil (Amann and Baer, 2005). In the electricity sector, 23 distribution companies were privatised for roughly US$22 billion (Araujo, 2006). This represents about 70 per cent of the Brazilian energy distribution market. The impact of privatisation on public services utilities has attracted the attention of a number of scholars (for instance, Thomas, 2006;...

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