Every discipline coins its own special terms, acronyms, other abbreviations and jargon. Data privacy law is no different in this respect. In the interest of serving as a quick reference and easy read, this Field Guide minimizes the use of jargon and abbreviations and employs everyday language whenever practical. But, seven key terms are used throughout the guide, because you have to know them. These terms are omnipresent in data privacy literature and hard to avoid: 0.05 Personal data Information that relates to an individual person who can be identified, including identifying information (name, passport number, etc.) and any other data (e.g., photos, phone numbers, etc.). European data protection laws tend to cover all personal data, but U.S. style data privacy laws are often more limited and focused on particularly sensitive data categories. Any activity relating to data, including collection, storage, alteration, disclosure and destruction. The individual person to whom data relates. A company that determines the purposes and means of the data processing, e.g., an employer with respect to employee data. A company that processes personal data on behalf of a data controller, e.g., an accountant or payroll service provider that assists an employer. Transmitting data to, or making data available for access by, another organization or in another country, e.g., via remote Internet access. ability to control information about him or herself, 0.06 Processing Data subject Data controller 0.07 0.08 0.09 Data processor 0.10 Transfer 0.11 Data privacy law Laws intended to protect an individual data subject’s 0.12...
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